Bunker fuel surcharges not an option for tanker owners in glutted market

Jun 11, 2018

Amid surging bunker fuel costs container carriers are resorting to bunker surcharges to recover costs, but owners in the tankers market facing the same problem are finding it much more difficult to introduce similar measures because of the glut of vessels in the market.

* Container carriers introducing surcharges to offset rising bunker costs

* Charterers have the upper hand in tankers market, however

* Shipowners set to face higher operating costs as IMO 2020 rule looms

With IFO 380 CST bunker fuel prices in some ports having risen more than 40% year on year, this week has seen Japanese container carriers Ocean Network Express, or ONE, join a growing list of carriers worldwide to impose a bunker surcharge.

“ONE has encountered progressive and significant inflation of fuel costs over recent months,” it said in a statement, adding that it had been “forced to respond” by adjusting its approach to bunker related pricing components.

France’s CMA CGM has announced a $55/TEU surcharge for dry cargo, Israel-based ZIM introduced surcharges ranging from $18 to $65/TEU and the Mediterranean Shipping Company announced an undetermined surcharge in the past few weeks.

Hapag-Lloyd and Maersk have responded similarly.

“The increase in bunker price in 2018 has been significantly higher than what had been expected and has now reached a level of $440/mt in Europe, the highest since 2014,” Maersk Line said in a statement in May.

“It is no longer possible for us to recover bunker costs through the standard bunker adjustment factors,” Maersk said, adding that it was introducing an emergency bunker surcharge effective June 1 for “non-regulated corridors” and July 1 for regulated corridors. Regulated corridors include imports/exports from the US, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Colombia and Taiwan.

While the containers shipping is opting for such bunker surcharges, the tanker industry doesn’t have much of a choice, however.

Sources in the tanker market said that such surcharges just aren’t possible in the segment given it is currently very much a “charterers market”. Owners are reeling under the pressure of high bunker prices but unable to pass them on to the charterers due to ample supply of tankers the latter can choose from.

“It is a falling [freight] market though the bunkers are still steady,” a chartering source in Tokyo said in the context of eroding earnings at a time when freight rates are not keeping pace with the higher fuel costs.

On several tanker routes the freight is governed by the Worldscale rates, for which the dollar per metric ton amount basis 100 Worldscale points is set on a calendar year basis, taking into account the bunker prices of the preceding October-to-September period.

The latest spike in bunker prices will only be reflected in next year’s Worldscale rates and until then tanker owners’ ability to pass on the higher costs to charterers will hinge on the supply and demand of tankers of various sizes.

“We are now putting up stiff resistance and not agreeing to offer ships at lower rates,” one chartering manager with a Long Range tanker owner said.

Daily earnings for owners are currently around $11,000 for LR2s and $7,000 for LR1s on the Persian Gulf-Japan routes, which is barely enough to cover operating costs, sources said. On these routes, LR2s and LR1s typically carry cargoes of around 75,000 mt and 55,000 mt respectively, though the volumes are higher for westbound voyages.

Even on those tanker routes where freight is fixed on a lumpsum basis rather than Worldscale, the excess supply has created a situation where owners have to significantly absorb the incremental costs, analysts said.

MORE COSTS AHEAD

Shippers might have to brace for more surcharges as a plethora of upcoming environmental rules in shipping including the International Maritime Organization’s 2020 global sulfur limit rule for marine fuels loom.

Bunker fuel costs globally could rise by as much as $60 billion annually from 2020 if there is strict compliance with the International Maritime Organization’s 0.5% global sulfur cap, a mass shift to marine gasoil and a low uptake in scrubber technology, global consulting firm Wood Mackenzie said last year.

More recently, some industry sources forecast a differential of as much as $400/mt between 0.5% sulfur bunkers and conventional fuel oil around 2019, as the current estimates for alternatives such as LNG for bunkering use still leave the bulk of the marine fuel demand relying on LSFO and other 0.5% compliant options.

Surcharges could temper the impact of rising operating costs for shipowners, sources said.

However, “if the trajectory of rising bunker prices continues and carriers are not able to pass on costs, then slow steaming may become more popular,” said one source.

Source: Platts

Source from : hellenicshippingnews

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ƬͼƬ ŮƬ߹ۿ ƬСС˵ Ƭ˽ mp3 ƬƵµַ Ƭȫ Ƭ Ƭӳǽ Ƭվ ҿ첥Ƭվ Ƭhushi ƬЩ ƬС˵ Ƭ鲻Խ ˭֪Ƭվ ƬƬ Ƭd Ƭؼ Ƭַ Ƭձ ƬƬ ±ϼƬ߹ۿ ҶƬƵ Ƭ пƬվӰ ŮƬվ ƬӰ Ƭͨ Ƭƿ÷߹ۿ СӰƬ޿첥 ձƬ Ƭ Ƭվÿ첥ͼƬ ƬӰվ ƬŮԱ ƬŮЩ Ƭ߿ ͨƬ Ƭ򲻿 ŮƬ Ƭҳ ƬӰ ĹƬ ƬҶŮĿԹۿ Ƭַ¹ Ƭר ƬӾ Ƭַ Ƭ Ů˼ ձƬ qvod Ƭ ձƬôĵ ĹƬԱ 첥ƬҰ Ƭ Ƭǿ ҿƬֻ Ƭֻ ձƬŮ ɫƬ첥 Ƭַ ƬǿӰ ƬֻƵ Ƭ ƬߵӰ򲻿 ƬͼƬվ Ƭ ƬŮľ Ƭصַַ ƬӰ Ƭ ɫƬ Ƭ߲ ձƬCOM Ƭſ Ƭ Ƭÿ ƬɫƵ ɫƬ߹ۿ򲻿 ֻƬӰ Ƭ ƬӰ ƬַƵ ƬƵƬ ɫƬʲô Ƭĸվû ƬַƬַ ˭ƬվCOM ÿƬַCOM Ƭôĵ ƬƵ ˭ƬĵӰվѽ ƬվǶ ƬͼƬ ƬӰȫٷ Ƭɫ ҿ첥Ƭ Ƭ ŷƬС˵ Ƭ Ƭȫ Ƭ3gp װƬ ƬӰվµַ պƬaƬ Ƭ Ƭ ɫƬ߹ۿ Ƭȥ Ƭվ ŮƬӰ Ƭ ɫƬ Ƭ ʫƬ߹ۿ Ƭf Ƭŵ ƬȫӰ ӰƬƻ ɫƬӰ պƬ߹ۿ ŷƬĿ¼ȫ Ƭַȥ ƬӰ Ƭ߹ۿַ ̨ƬŮ˼ ̨ƬƵ Ƭǿ ձƬ첥 첥ƬŮ ƬɫѸ ձƬѹۿ ɫƬСӰС˵ Ƭµַ Ƭ ſƬ߹ۿ ɫƬСӰ ƬŮ˼ ƬӰ ̨Ƭ 첥Ƭվ Ƭɫ߹ۿ δﻪƬȫ װƬ Ƭȫ Ƭ ɫƬ ޶ƬƵ Ƭŷ ûƬַ ƬƵ Ƭձ ˭Ƭַ ɫƬӰۿ Ƭ Ƭ Ƭµַ Ƭվ ƬѵӰ Ƭ վ ɫƬӰ ҶƬЩ Ƭҳʱ߹ۿ ƬƵ Ƭ ƬɫƵ Ƭ߹ۿ ƬӰ Ƭȫ Ƭ睵 Ƭǿ鰸Ӱ Ƭ ɫƬwwwyy555 ƬӰƵ Ƭ޽Ӱ ƬͼƬ ƬӰ ŷƬǸ ƬƬ йƬӰ ƬĻǷŪ˳˵ ƬӰ ˼ƬɫС˵ ƬƬȫ ƬʬƬ ޲ƬӰ Ƭ Ѹ 첥ƬӰ Ƭxiapshuo Ƭɫ װƬCOM Ƭ Ƭַ ԾƬӰ Ƭ Ƭ ƬӰ ձƬҩԼ Ƭվ޶ ŮƬӰ иƬԱӰ ƬѸ ƬƵ Ƭҳʱ ̺ƬӰ ƬԱ ƬӰ Ƭ߲ Ƭ߹ۿ ƬӰ ƬͼƬ Ƭ Ƭ ƬƵ Ƭ첥Ӱ Ƭdownload ʩƬֻ Ƭ ƬߵӰС˵ ƬӰ Ƭۿվ ƬߵӰµַ ˭֪Ƭվ ƬƬȫ Ƭ첥 ƬƬ Ƭȫؿ첥 װƬ߿ ˿Ƭ װƬ߲ Ƭ ʮƬŮ ߿Ƭվѵ ͨƬٷ δﻪƬ߹ۿ ƬͼƬ ƬƬӰ Ƭħ Ƭ װƬЩ Ƭ԰ ƬΪ ƬƬӰַ 첥Ƭѿ첥 Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭ ѩƬع ձƬС˵ ̨ƬŮԱ ƬӰȫ ƬŲҰ2صַ Ƭ˽ ˼ƬƵ װƬ Ѹ ˭Ƭվ صƬվ ƬӰԺַ ƬӰӰ ƬӰ ŷƬӰ ɫƬӰ ̨ƬƵ Ƭ߹ۿ ƬС˵ Ƭվ ƬӰԺվ ±ƬӰ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭqvod ƬƵ Ƭ첥 ҶƬȫ ƬŮ˵ Ƭ 첥Ƭַ ɩƬaaaӰ ۿƬվ Ƭ¥ ƬվƬ ̨ƬŮ 첥Ƭ߿ Ƭվ Ƭʲô ƬӰ δﻪƬר Ƭַ ŷƬǿ첥 Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭ aƬ Ƭmp4 ӰƬ첥 ƬӰ 뿴Ƭô Ƭнд ˭Ƭվ ƬŮ ƬӰƬӰ ȥƬͼƬ Ƭɫ Ƭվÿ첥ٷվ ƬЩ պƬƵ ŷƬۿ ƬߵƵ ƬѵӰ ƬӰվٷ ƬƵ ƬӰ Ƭ ƬӰͼƬ ɫƬֻ ƬƲ 뿴Ƭԣ Ƭ첥COMƬ첥ͼƬ Ƭһ ƬŮ ƿ÷Ƭ Ƭ߿ ɫƬ ƬƵ Ƭַʲô ޱƬƵ Ƭȥ ձƬԱ ƬӰ ޱƬӰ ƬƵ ƬַǶ Ƭ3gp Ƭ򲻿Ƭʲô Ƭ˽ Ƭֻ ƬӰ 첥ƬƵŮƬ ƬӰ ̨Ƭȥ Ƭ첥µַ Ƭµַ ƬӰ ƬƵ ƬΪ Ƭַ ƬƬվ Ƭ￴ пƬվ ˼ƬɫͼƬ Ƭȫ Ƭ ƬͼƬ ƬӰվ ½ƬƵ Ƭѹۿ Ƭȫ Ƭ Ƭɫ Ƭdvd Ƭɫۿ Ƭ Ƭվ ̨Ƭȫ Ƭ ҹƬƵۿ Ƭrmvb ƬĿ첥Ӱµַ ƬԱǷ Ƭۿֻ ĹƬŮ ӰƬӰ Ƭ ۿ Ƭ ߹ۿ Ƭǿ ۲Ƭ ƬΪ ƬĵӾ ƬɫӰӰ Ƭ ƬЩ Ƭصַµַ Ƭ ֲƬ߹ۿ Ƭ˹Ů ձƬ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭ첥 Ƭ Ƭڰ칫ҵĴ򲻿 ɫƬ߲ ƬɫӰ 俵ƬƵ ½ƬЩ ƬӰµַ Ƭ13Ƶ Ƭ йƬӰ򲻿 ÿƬ ƬɫƬ ƬЩͼƬ ƬѸ Ƭտ Ƭ ŷƬӰ Ƭ ŷƬǹٷվ Ƭ Ƭ¹ odƬµַ պƬַ ƬӰ ƬŮħ Ƭֹ δﻪƬ߿ Ƭ 첥Ƭ Ƭṵ Ƭĸ ƬӰȥ δﻪƬ 俵ƬӰ Ƭַ첥 ӰƬѿ ƬվӰ ƬƬӰ򲻿 ƬӰ ƬƵ Ƭȥ Ƭ ƬӰַ Ƭվ첥 Ƭ￴ Ƭַ ѿƬַ ƬƵ ƬBT Ƭഺ Ƭַ Ƭַ ½ƬŮ˼ ƬͼƬ ƬСӰվ ĹƬĺŮ Ƭɫ ƬŮ Ƭɫٷվ ƬӰ ƬӰ ƬӰ ӰƬظ СӰƬ޹ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭַ Ƭ첥ӰС˵ ˭Ƭַ Ƭ ƬЩ ԾƬ ƬͥǿѵӰ ̨Ƭȫ ҶƬ鲻Խ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭ첥 ձƬȥ Ƭַµַ ɫƬɫƬͼƬ Ƭ߲ Ƭ߿ ӰƬֻ 첥ƬӰվֻ ƬӰվ ƬӰ Ƭ3gpѸ װƬ첥 ձƬ Ƭ˽ ˼ƬͼƬ Ƭ Ƭ ȫ ɫƬӰµַ ̺ƬӰ Ƭ첥 Ƭȫ Ƭַ δﻪƬӰȫ ƬӰȫƵ ձƬ߹ۿ Ƭm Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭʲô ƬӰӰ Ƭq Ƭ첥 Ƭѹۿ ƬеavŮ Ƭۿ ƬӰ ɫƬӰ ʩƬͼƬ Ƭ߲ Ƭվ ձƬȫ ŷƬҹ Ƭ̬ͼƬ ܿƬַ Ƭ߿ ŷƬѸ mp5Ƭ Ƭ Ƭ ˭֪Ƭַ Ƭƿ÷첥ۿ Ƭƿ÷ ƬƵƬ ƬѸ йƬƵ Ƭ߿ձ Ƭ Ƭ ˭Ƭ ƬƷ Ƭ߹ۿ ƬѲ ƬӰ Ƭվ첥 Ƭ3gp ƬӰ Ƭ ŷƬ ƬӵӰ Ƭȫ߹ۿ Ƭ »ƬӰ ƬQVOD Ƭ ƬB³¹ϣͼ ƬԴ Ƭ ƬƬڹٷվ ƬƵ 2Ƭ߹ۿſƵ Ƭ׼ĦԺŮȫ׷ Ƭصַ ƬCOM Ƭ ƬBT Ƭ Ƭɫ򲻿Ƭɫ鶯Ƭ Ƭصַ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭ Ƭͼ ƬӰ̰ Ƭعۿ Ƭs Ƭվ Ƭȫ Ƭɫ ƬԱͯ Ƭصַµַ ƬЩС˵ Ƭߵȥ ƬȥĿȫ Ƭ ±ϼƬعۿ ƬŮѪ Ƭ߿ͼƬ Ƭ ƬȥƬƵ Ƭ첥Ӱ Ƭ Ƶ ƬӰ ɫƬվȥ Ƭߵ򲻿 ƬƬ Ƭ߿ Ƭ Ƭ ƬͼƬ Ƭ ձƬƵ ƬߵӰ ƬӰȫʲô ˭ƬӰ Ƭй ҶƬЩ ƬС˵ uƬЩ Ƭ߹ۿٷ ֻƬ Ƭվÿ첥վ Ƭ Ƭµַ ƬƵͼƬ ƬƵֻ Ƭ ŷƬƬ ɫƬ Ƭ ҿƬ¹ ձƬͼƬ ƬƬ ˼Ƭ ˼ƬƵ Ƭտ Ƭ Ӱ ƬӰ Ƭĸ ˭Ƭվ Ƭ Ƭ Ƭۿ Ƭַ ŷƬվ Ƭֿ첥 ÿƬЩ Ƭa ƬӰ߹ۿ Ƭȫ Ƭ߿Ƭ Ƭ ŷƬƵ ̨Ƭȫ Ѹ Ƭƿ÷ۿ 俵ƬЩ ߿Ƭ޹Ӱȫ Ƭصµַ 첥ƬӰվվ δﻪƬӰ Ƭʲô Ƭ Ƭ첥 Ƭ Ƭying uƬ߲ Ƭѵַ¹ ѵƬ ˭ƬС˵ѵ ƬͼƬ Ƭ첥ӰӰ Ƭ ƬŮ Ƭ ˼ƬӰ Ƭ Ƭ ƬCOM ձƬ ƬӰ ˼Ƭɫͼ Ƭ֮붯ͼƬ Ƭ岥԰ȫƵ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭַ Ƭκϼ ƬӰ Ƭվ 첥Ƭֻ Ƭ̳ Ƭµַ Ƭϣ ±Ƭ߿ Ƭ鲥 Ƶ ɫƬ߿С˵ Ƭַ ̨Ƭƿ÷ ƬͼƬ ŷƬ߹ۿ ½ƬѸ ƬŮѪ Ƭȫ Ƭѹۿ ˼Ƭƿ÷ ƿ÷Ƭ߹ۿ ƬɫӰվ ƬѸ ƬۿƵ ȥƬӰ Ƭ4ɫ µƬַ ƬСѨ ƬӰɫƬƵ ƬеĿ ɵƬ Ƭ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭ Ƭ߹ۿ ˭Ƭַ ûƬ Ƭɫ齫Ѹ Ƭַµַ Ƭ ƬӰЩ Ƭ̩ Ƭٷվ ƬƵȫ Ƭһҳ Ƭһɫ Ƭƿ÷߹ۿ Ƭɫ ձƬdvd Ƭ鹦 Ƭ˽mp3 Ƭۿַ򲻿 װƬѸ Ƭصַ ƬվǶվ Ƭɫ ƬƵڴϷͷ ѵƬ첥 ƬӰ ƬӰ Ƭ Ƭ¹ ƬӰ Ƭ3gp ɫƬ߿Ƶ ҶƬƵ Ƭ պƬֻ Ƭȫظ ƬӰƵ װƬѲ ½Ƭ߹ۿ ̨ƬЩ ƬվǶٿ첥 ɫ Ƭ Ƭ Ƭ Ƭ򲻿 ձƬܽȥ Ƭ׿ Ƭȥ ƬߵӰС˵ ƬӰ ƬĿ첥Ӱ¹ ɫƬͼƬ ƬۿַС˵ Ƭ ƬɫӰӳ Ƭ ƬӰ򲻿 첥Ƭ ձƬƬվ ɫƬվ Ƭ߹ۿ Ƭĵ Ƭ ƬQVOD ƬַӰ ŷƬ Ƭٷվ ƬƬ ƬCOM Ƭֱ ƬͼƬ ±ϼƬ߲ Ƭ֮ɫƬ Ƭվַ ԾƬ ɫƬ߹ۿ Ƭַ Ƭ ƬƬӰµַ ƬЩѵ Ƭĸÿ ƬӰµַ Ƭ ƬձŷƬ ˭Ƭվַ ˼Ƭַ mp4Ƭ˶ ̨ƬͼƬ ɫƬ ԸƬӰ ƬŮ Ƭô ƬվCOM δﻪƬ ƬӰ Ƭɫվ Ƭ ƬŮ ƬַCOM Ƭۿ Ƭַ ͵ƬϵƬ ƬƬȫ ƬŮ˺͹ͼƬ ƬƵ Ƭ˿ ɫƬ͵ ӰƬַ ƬƬ򲻿 ȥƬƵ ƬŮ Ƭ ؽƬ ƬС װƬ Ƭڹۿ ƬƭԴҩ Ƭվÿ첥COM ƬƵ Ƭƿ÷ Ƭͼ첥 aviƬӰ Ƭ ѵƬٷվ Ƭȫ ˼Ƭƿ÷ Ƭձ ƬѸ Ƭַ 첥Ƭڷ Ƭվ ɫƬվ첥 Ƭ ׿ Ƭ߲ ҪƬӰ δﻪƬЩ Ƭ򲻿 ִƬ߹ۿ ƬǸվȥµַ ƬԿ ƬӰ Ƭվ򲻿 Ƭ ëƬ Ƭ 뿴ƬӰ ƬӰȹ Ƭ Ƭɫ ƬۿַƬ Ƭۿ Ƭվ ƬƲݺ 첥Ƭû йƬŮ ƬƵ ŷƬ߲ ƬɫӰ ɫƬٶӰ ɫƬֻ Ƭƻ ƬС ƬӰҹ ߿Ƭվ ѵ ƬԽµַ ձƬվ ƬҹӰ ƬҶ Ƭҩ ƬӰ Ƭѧ Ƭ Ƭ Ƭ ĹƬ Ƭɫ ƬӰ ɫƬۿ ƬƬ߲ ƬӾƿ÷ ƷƬͼ Ƭ°ĵӰ Ƭ첥ӰƬ Ƭ йƬĵӰ Ƭ󼯺 ƬӰ ƬϷ ƬЩ ɫƬѹۿ ƬĿ첥Ӱֻ ƬӰ ƬƬ ̨Ƭ Ƭ߹ۿ ƬŮԽͼƬ Ƭ߹ۿ ƬӰƿ÷ Ƭ ձ ƬӰ Ƭ ƬС ƬӰۿ Ƭ¿ 俵Ƭվ ˼ƬӰ Ƭ ձƬ ̨ƬӰԺ Ƭ֮ⷿ Ƭ ƬƬ ձƬŮ Ƭ Ƭ ̨ƬŮӼ Ƭ Ƭվۿ ҶƬ Ӱ Ƭ¼ Ƭۿ Ƭ߹ۿ ƬͼƬ ƬŮԱ Ƭ첥ٷվ Ƭĵ 첥ƬվͼƬ ƬbtӴȫ Ƭۿַ ̨Ƭ Ƭַַ Ƭ Ƭƿ÷ Ƭعۿ ƬЩ ƬƵ Ƭ԰ mp4Ƭ ͨƬͼƬ Ƭ͵Ů ±ƬƵ ձƬŮ˭ Ƭصַٷ Ƭ߿ ɫƬƵ Ƭվ Ƭд ƬƬɫӰ ŷƬɫ ƬϹۿ պƬ Ƭվ Ƭר ۵ƬӰ Ƭȫ ɫƬСӰֻ Ƭɫֻ ƬƵ Ƭȫصַ Ƭվ ŷƬԽƵ Ƭۿ Ƭվ ƬַʲôƬַվ Ƭ Ƭַ ƬŮ ƬիƵ Ƭqvod ƬƬ߹ۿ ƬӰԺʲô ҿƬƵ Ƭ Ƭַ Ƭ߲ ѵƬµַ ƬԴ ƬƼ ԿƬվ Ƭ߹ۿƵ ƬκϼBT Ƭ ƬЩƵ Ƭκϼ Ƭ Ƭɫ ŷƬ Ƭ˭վ ̨Ƭvideo ƬԴ ƬƬ ƬƲݺ ƬӰ Ƭ߲ Ƭصַȫ ɫ Ƭ Ƭ ƬЩӰ δﻪƬר Ƭ򲻿 Ƭ 뿴Ƭô Ƭվ ƬƵ Ƭ Ƭ Ƭѿ ŷƬ Ƭվ Ƭַ ߿ƬƵվ ƬȫĿ¼ ɫƬӰ ̺ƬЩ ȥƬ ±Ƭۿ Ƭ Ƭ԰ Ƭῴ ѸƬ Ƭ ƬЩӰ Ƭë Ƭdvd ŷƬŮԱ ޶Ƭվ 16¥Ƭ߲ ƬձŮ Ƭ ɫƬַ ձƬŮԱ ƬӰվ ƬӰԺٷ Ƭ 俵ƬЩ ̨ƬͼƬٷ ձƬܸ Ƭֻ Ƭ Ƭdvd ƬӰԺ ƬͼƬ Ƭʲô Ƭȫ522 ƬվЩ Ƭصַ ˭ƬվͼƬ ǿƬ߹ۿ Ƭbt ̨ƬƬ Ƭ Ƭվַ ƬӰ߿ Ƭ ̯ ƬվС˵ պƬȥ 첥Ƭȫ ƬƬӰ ƬЩӰǺƬĿ Ƭ첥 Ƭ ƬƵ ҶƬȫ Ƭ ƬƬ ŷƬbt ɫƬ߹ۿµַ ̺Ƭbt Ƭ ƬԻвô Ƭ Ƭ 첥ƬվƵ ƬƵ ƬǸվȥѹٷվ ƬԽƵ ֣Ƭ Ƭ̽ Ƭɫ Ƭ߹ۿٷվ пƬο ƬŮԱ Ƭⰲװۿ Ƭվ