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干货!一位欧美老船长的39条航海建议(中英文)

来源:船长俱乐部  2019-09-17  我要评论  

导读:

航海,真的不单是一个只有生硬的航海技术和机械操作的行业,真的需要投入切切实实的人文情怀。今天分享的这篇文章,是一位刚刚结束航海生涯、有着18年船长资历的欧美远洋老船长,写给船长、老轨,以及即将成为船长或老轨和其他船员的肺腑之言,希望对大家有帮助!

废话不多说,听老船长来讲吧

近几年海上生活尤其艰难,这不仅是源于海上本就有的风险,还因为岸上某些人——为了达到指标或者利益而将行业秩序搞得乌烟瘴气,据笔者观察,这部分人多不会满10年船长或者老轨资历就会离开海洋。

根据笔者的经验,正是他们中的多数人,给海员的日常航海作业带来了诸多不便。那些有超过10年船长或者老轨资历的人,才是笔者需要寻求建议的更好人选。 

笔者根据自己18年航海生涯的感悟积累,写下了如下总结,是对船长和老轨发自肺腑的建议,真心希望能对海员们(船长、轮机长及不久后会胜任船长老轨,或其他船员)有所帮助!

▼ 请看建议 ▼

(中文版)

微信图片_20190917155048.jpg

1. 无论商业或运营压力多大,船员永远是第一位的。

2. 航海是门艺术,要慢慢来。

3. 轮机长才能使船跑起来,船长是“沉默的见证者”,遵循这点,就永远不会有甲板机舱之间的问题。

4. 船上不可能有两个船长,如果不遵守这一点,船就会变得一团糟。海商法只会说:“船长和他的船员”。

5. 永远不要羞于行使你的权威,如果你害怕,就别做船长。

6. 永远不要短缺、延误或者否决以下各项:家汇款,休假,空调,食品,淡水等,只要保持做好这五件事情,就很少有船员抱怨你。

7.所有的库房都是“船上的库房”,遵守这条,就不会有部门之间的问题。

8.永远不要轻信岸上人员的电话或者通讯软件上的话,通讯时最重要的是要备份邮件,我认识很多人是在听从岸上主管的电话指示后被炒鱿鱼的,而这些全都没有邮件备份。

9. 岸上最糟糕的人员就是引水员,你竟然要为他的错误买单。

10.除非船上的团队是个有凝聚力的团队,否则船总会处于危险之中。永远不要遗漏这点。

11. 永远不要拒绝听取别人的意见,虽然是否选择采纳这些意见是你的权利。有时甚至一个甲板实习生或者机舱实习生也能给出非常好的想法。

12. 身处高位是非常孤独的,尤其是有麻烦时,一切正常时,船可以是别人的,但当严重问题发生时,船只能丢还给船长。

13. 通过定期聚会来缓解船员的压力,船员快乐,船也会运行良好。

14.当老轨和船长保持了一个良好的关系,那么所有不必要的麻烦都能避免。

15.永远不要等船冲到岸上才发现你的锚还在船头完好无损(靠泊前要备好锚,以备不测)。

16.永远不要等撞到他船才发现你的锚还在船头完好无损(千万小心在锚地时,尽量不要横越她船船首)。

17.永远不要接受关于损坏任何东西的指责,因为你没有受过损坏船舶和机器的培训(你没学过机器的那些东西,而且你也不是故意的,译者注),让那些混蛋在指责你之前,先教会你如何损坏一艘船。

18.在岸上工作的那些人是没有能力运行你的船的,所以当船上发生严重问题时别期望太高。有实际问题时,他们所有人就像企鹅望向天空要答案那样看着你。

19.记住这点:医疗救援对于你来说是免费的, 如果你需要医疗救援来救助一个生病的船员,不要羞于联系岸上搜救协调中心,这样往往可以挽救一条宝贵的生命。

20.不要想着做一个铤而走险的英雄,永远不要碰冰山,不要在危险的天气中远航,更不要逼迫船员做不符合规章的事。

21.做好100件工作没有什么了不起。可但凡做了一件错事,将会被所有人都指责。

22.一旦船员被指指点点,那么他们就会羞于好好卖命工作。

23. 一旦有机会,当机舱在大修时,让甲板实习生去机舱体验,让他知道这里的工作是不容易的,而当在密集水域航行时,让机舱实习生也去驾驶台体验,这样他也知道这里生活的艰难。这样当他们升到船长或者轮机长时,会相互理解对方部门的问题。

24.“如果你想去天堂,就要先死,没有别的路”,因此,在你被称为船长和轮机长之前让自己先成为这领域的专家,不然你将会有个艰难的航海生涯。

25.要不耻下问,没有人会因为这个不尊重你。

26. 每次航行都是不一样的,开船没有固定模式,因为你是在动态的环境中工作,唯一不变的就是它一直在变,这使得航行环境是动态的。

27.做错事没关系,能承认错误就好。人无完人,凡人无法成为上帝。

28.知晓你权力的范围和承认你权力的界限是同样重要的。

29.船只是最安全的生命之舟(救生艇),一定要保证她的安全,因为她是最大的希望。

30.不要担忧岸上的人怎样评价你,因为你不需要他们的赞同。你是个专业的人员,尽力地保持这份专业,做好自己。

31.船舶就像个窈窕淑女,到港前要保持整洁。

32.傻瓜才会走进风暴中,睿智的航海人都会保持远离最少200海里以外。

33.船长、老轨、大副、轮机员、厨师、机头等没有隶属的部门,都是船上的人。

34.那些不关心机器状况的船长,不是真正的船长;那些不关心甲板的轮机长,不是真正的轮机长。保持注意这些细节。

35.一个优秀的船员总是傲慢的同时兼备专业自信。这在海上是一个不争的事实。

36.不到万不得已,(比如海水已经触及到他们鼻子的高度)船员们是不会抱怨的。所以,每一个投诉都是重要的。

37.不熟悉法律不是借口。在没有做好所有文件前,工作不算完成。

38.我在海上失去过两个同伴…,都是源于压力…,一个在航行值班中死亡…,另一个死于机舱工作间… 另外我的值班驾驶员也曾在驾驶台虚脱(他在夜里紧急呼叫我,当我大约2-3分钟后冲到驾驶台的时候,值班驾驶员已经在雷达附近虚脱…他经过一段时间才恢复)…。

如果压力已经让你难以自控,将工作交付给那些可以解决的人,让他们也去做一些有风险的工作。

39.90%的检查都是在船长办公室里完成的,不要让检察官在舷梯至船长房间这段路上找出任何问题,每次检查时要保持这段地方是完美无缺的,所有其它地方的事情船长都可以搞定他,如果你不能说服检察官,那就转移他注意力或者忽悠他。


(英文版)

A letter from a MASTER MARINER 

I am a master mariner who quit sailing after 18 years of command and now a retired life.

Life at sea is tough these days, not only because of perils that normally are at sea but also because of shore staff who just mess around to gain some points or bonus ... Such one's are mostly those who left sea prior completing 10 years (gross) of command or 10 years sailing as a CE. These are the ones who mostly are the problem makers for sailors as per my experiences... Those who have sailed beyond 10 years in command or as ce, are the better ones that I could rely on for advice in need.

But just follow the following as a captain and chief engineer ... I write this basis my experiences at sea and hope it helps my fellow sailors (captain and chief engineers and all others) ....


01 ... Irrespective of commercial or operational pressures, crew always first.

02 ... Navigation is an art, do it slowly.

03 ... Ce runs the ship, Capt is the silent witness (I mean Atman) ... If you follow this, then no deck engine problems ever.

04 ... There cannot be two captains on board ... ship will get totally messed up if this is not complied ... Maritime Law only says, "Master and his crew".

05 ... Never be shy to use your authority, and if you are afraid, then step down from rank.

06 ... Following must never be short or delayed or denied ... remittances, sign off, aircon, food, water ... Just keep these 5 minimum things right, you would have very few complaints from crew.

07 ... All stores are ship stores ... Just follow this and there shall be no interdepartmental problems.

08 ... Never trust people ashore and definitely not on phone or WhatsApp. Email back up for telecom is most important. I know of people who got fired after following a superintendent's phone call and that too without an email backup.

09 ... The worst ones ashore are the pilots ... You even pay for their mistakes.

10 ... Unless the shipboard team is a cohesive one, the ship is always in peril ... make sure this never misses out.

11 ... Never fail to take advices from anyone, however the choice of following those is your own prerogative ... Sometimes even a deck cadet or a TME can give very fantastic ideas.

12 ... it's very lonely on the top, especially in problems ... ship is of others until everything is running fine, but when a serious problems arises, the ship always returns back to her master .

13 ... break stress of staff with regular parties ... a happy staff is the cause of a good running ship.

14 ... CE and master are best friends ... When this happens, all unnecessary problems stay at bay.

15 ... Never go ashore with an anchor intact in the bows.

16 ... Never kiss another with an anchor intact in your bows.

17 ... Never accept blame for damaging anything because you have no training for damaging ship or machinery. Tell those bastards to train you how to damage a ship, prior blaming you.

18 ... People sitting ashore are incapable of running your ship ... So don't expect much from them if a serious problem happens. In a real problem,They will all be looking at you like penguins look at the sky for answers.

19 ... Medivac is free for you ... Just remember this and never shy away in calling a MRCC if needed to medivac a sick crew. With this a very precious life can be saved.

20 ... don't try to be a bloody hero ... Never force ice, never force weather and never force crew.

21 ... 100 good jobs have no value, after just 1 bad one ...

22 ... Sailors never shy away from work, until they are fingered badly.

23 ... Once in a while and if you can afford ... Have the deck cadet in engine room during major maintenance so he knows all his life, that life is not easy there ... And have the TME on bridge in critical navigation, so he also knows that Life is pretty tough there. This will help them when they rise to master and ce and they would have more understanding of the problems of the other department.

24 ... If you have to go to heaven, then you have to die ... there is no other way to go to heaven ... Thus if you have a tough sea life, better you are placed professionally when you become master and ce. So accept problems as launch pads for a future glorious career, because no ship is a cake walk.

25 ... Never shy away in asking if in doubt, nobody is disrespected for this reason.

26 ... Every navigation operation is different, there are no fixed rules of ship handling as you work in a very dynamic environment. Only thing that is constant in nature, is her eternal change, which makes the navigation environment a very dynamic one.

27 ... There is no harm in saying "I am sorry" ... Humans who do not make mistakes, would only be God's.

28 ... Knowing your scope of authority is as important as acknowledging your limitation of authority.

29. Ship is the safest lifeboat, keep her safe always because she is the best hope.

30. Don't bother about what shore people think about you because you don't need their votes ... You are a professional, be such.

31. Ships are like beautiful ladies, Just keep her neat and tidy prior arrival port.

32. Fools walk into storms, wise sailors always keep at least 200 nautical miles off.

33 . Capt, CE, C.off, e.off, Bosun, cook, fitter have no departments, they are of the ship.

34 ... That Capt who does not take care of machinery, is not a real Capt... That CE who does not take care of deck, is not a real ce. Keep such nincumpoops in check.

35. An excellent sailor, is always arrogant and with a lot of professional pride. This is an absolute fact about sea.

36. Sailors never complain until the water reaches their nose height, so every complaint is an important one.

37. Not knowing the law is no excuse. No job is complete without completion of paperwork.

38. . I lost two course mates to sea ... Both because of stress ... one died during navigation ... another died in engine room workshop. Plus my own OOW collapsed on bridge once (He called me in emergency at night, and by the time I reached in about 2-3 minutes that it took to rush to the bridge, the OOW was already collapsed near the radar ... it took some time to revive him) ... So I always told everyone so they can beat stresses of the job ... If it is beyond your control, pass the stress to those who are paid to handle it, let them also do some bloody job.

39 ... 90% inspections are passed in Capt office itself, provided the inspector does not find anything wrong from the gangway till capt office. Keep this area perfect in each inspection, everything else will fall in place provided capt can handle him well ... If you cannot convince an inspector, divert him or confuse him. 

By Cool Merchant Mariners

上述39条建议,每一条都不是虚设的,它们是这位18年资深船长经验和体悟的精华展现,如果能消化悟透甚至再提升,定会练就你航海生涯的“护身大法”。

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