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1979年国际海上搜寻救助公约(附英文)(二)

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1.1 "Shall" is used in the Annex to indicate a provision, the uniformapplication of which by all Parties is...

1.1 "Shall" is used in the Annex to indicate a provision, the uniform

application of which by all Parties is required in the interest of safety

of life at sea.

1.2 "Should" is used in the Annex to indicate a provision, the uniform

application of which by all Parties is recommended in the interest of

safety of life at sea.

1.3 The terms listed below are used in the Annex with the following

meanings:

.1 "Search and rescue region". An area of defined dimensions

within which search and rescue services are provided.

.2 "Rescue co-ordination centre". A unit responsible for promoting

efficient organization of search and rescue services and for co-ordinating

the conduct of search and rescue operations within a search and rescue

region.

.3 "Rescue sub-centre". A unit subordinate to a rescue

co-ordination centre established to complement the latter within a

specified area within a search and rescue region.

.4 "Coast watching unit". A land unit, stationary or mobile,

designated to maintain a watch on the safety of vessels in coastal areas.

.5 "Rescue unit". A unit composed of trained personnel and

provided with equipment suitable for the expeditious conduct of search and

rescue operations.

.6 "On-scene commander". The commander of a rescue unit designated

to co-ordinate search and rescue operations within a specified search

area.

.7 "Co-ordinator surface search". A vessel, other than a rescue

unit, designated to co-ordinate surface search and rescue operations

within a specified search area.

.8 "Emergency phase". A generic term meaning, as the case may be,

uncertainty phase, alert phase or distress phase.

.9 " Uncertainty phase". A situation wherein uncertainty exists as

to the safety of a vessel and the persons on board.

.10 "Alert phase". A situation wherein apprehension exists as to

the safety of a vessel and of the persons on board.

.11 "Distress phase". A situation wherein there is a reasonable

certainty that a vessel or a person is threatened by grave and imminent

danger and requires immediate assistance.

.12 " To ditch". In the case of an aircraft, to make a forced

landing on water.

CHAPTER 2 ORGANIZATION

2.1 ARRANGEMENTS FOR PROVISION AND CO-ORDINATION OF SEARCH AND RESCUE

SERVICES

2.1.1 Parties shall ensure that necessary arrangements are made for

the provision of adequate search and rescue services for persons in

distress at sea round their coasts.

2.1.2 Parties shall forward to the Secretary-General information on

their search and rescue organization and later alterations of importance,

including:

.1 national maritime search and rescue services;

.2 location of established rescue co-ordination centres, their

telephone and telex numbers and areas of responsibility; and

.3 principal available rescue units at their disposal.

2.1.3 The Secretary-General shall in a suitable way transmit to all

Parties the information referred to in paragraph 2.1.2.

2.1.4 Each search and rescue region shall be established by agreement

among Parties concerned. The Secretary-General shall be notified of such

agreement.

2.1.5 In case agreement on the exact dimensions of a search and rescue

region is not reached by the Parties concerned, those Parties shall use

their best endeavours to reach agreement upon appropriate arrangements

under which the equivalent overall co-ordination of search and rescue

services is provided in the area. The Secretary-General shall be notified

of such arrangements.

2.1.6 The Secretary-General shall notify all Parties of the agreements

or arrangements referred to in paragraphs 2.1.4 and 2.1.5.

2.1.7 The delimitation of search and rescue regions is not related to

and shall not prejudice the delimitation of any boundary between States.

2.1.8 Parties should arrange that their search and rescue services are

able to give prompt response to distress calls.

2.1.9 On receiving information that a person is in distress at sea in

an area within which a Party provides for the overall co-ordination of

search and rescue operations, the responsible authorities of that Party

shall take urgent steps to provide the most appropriate assistance

available.

2.1.10 Parties shall ensure that assistance be provided to any person

in distress at sea. They shall do so regardless of the nationality or

status of such a person or the circumstances in which that person is

found.

2.2 CO-ORDINATION OF SEARCH AND RESCUE FACILITIES

2.2.1 Parties shall make provision for the co-ordination of the

facilities required to provide search and rescue services round their

coasts.

2.2.2 Parties shall establish a national machinery for the overall

co-ordination of search and rescue services.

2.3 ESTABLISHMENT OF RESCUE CO-ORDINATION CENTRES AND RESCUE

SUB-CENTRES

2.3.1 To meet the requirements of paragraphs 2.2.1 and 2.2.2 Parties

shall establish rescue co-ordination centres for their search and rescue

services and such rescue sub-centres as they consider appropriate.

2.3.2 The competent authorities of each Party shall determine the area

for which a rescue sub-centre is responsible.

2.3.3 Each rescue co-ordination centre and rescue sub-centre

established in accordance with paragraph 2.3.1 shall have adequate means

for the receipt of distress communications via a coast radio station or

otherwise. Every such centre and sub-centre shall also have adequate means

for communication with its rescue units and with rescue co-ordination

centres or rescue sub-centres, as appropriate, in adjacent areas.

2.4 DESIGNATION OF RESCUE UNITS

2.4.1 Parties shall designate either:

.1 as rescue units, State or other appropriate public or private

services suitably located and equipped, or parts thereof; or

.2 as elements of the search and rescue organization, State or

other appropriate public or private services or parts thereof, not

suitable for designation as rescue units, but which are able to

participate in search and rescue operations, and shall define the

functions of those elements.

2.5 FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT OF RESCUE UNITS

2.5.1 Each rescue unit shall be provided with facilities and equipment

appropriate to its task.

2.5.2 Each rescue unit should have rapid and reliable means of

communication with other units or elements engaged in the same operation.

2.5.3 Containers or packages containing survival equipment for

dropping to survivors should have the general nature of their contents

indicated by a colour code in accordance with paragraph 2.5.4 and by

printed indication and self-explanatory symbols, to the extent that such

symbols exist.

2.5.4 The colour identification of the contents of droppable

containers and packages containing survival equipment should take the form

of streamers coloured according to the following code:

.1 Red-medical supplies and first aid equipment;

.2 Blue-food and water;

.3 Yellow-blankets and protective clothing; and

.4 Black-miscellaneous equipment such as stoves, axes, compasses

and cooking utensils.

2.5.5 Where supplies of a mixed nature are dropped in one container or

package, the colour code should be used in combination.

2.5.6 Instructions on the use of the survival equipment should be

enclosed in each of the droppable containers or packages. They should be

printed in English and in at least two other languages.

CHAPTER 3 CO-OPERATION

3.1 CO-OPERATION BETWEEN STATES

3.1.1 Parties shall co-ordinate their search and rescue organizations

and should, whenever necessary, co-ordinate search and rescue operations

with those of neighbouring States.

3.1.2 Unless otherwise agreed between the States concerned, a Party

should authorize, subject to applicable national laws, rules and

regulations, immediate entry into or over its territorial sea or territory

of rescue units of other Parties solely for the purpose of searching for

the position of maritime casualties and rescuing the survivors of such

casualties. In such cases, search and rescue operations shall, as far as

practicable, be co-ordinated by the appropriate rescue co-ordination

centre of the Party which has authorized entry, or such other authority as

has been designated by that Party.

3.1.3 Unless otherwise agreed between the States concerned, the

authorities of a Party which wishes its rescue units to enter into or over

the territorial sea or territory of another Party solely for the purpose

of searching for the position of maritime casualties and rescuing the

survivors of such casualties, shall transmit a request, giving full

details of the projected mission and the need for it, to the rescue

co-ordination centre of that other Party, or to such other authority as

has been designated by that Party.

3.1.4 The competent authorities of Parties shall:

.1 immediately acknowledge the receipt of such a request; and

.2 as soon as possible indicate the conditions, if any, under

which the projected mission may be undertaken.

3.1.5 Parties should enter into agreements with neighbouring States

setting forth the conditions for entry of each other's rescue units into

or over their respective territorial sea or territory. These agreements

should also provide for expediting entry of such units with the least

possible formalities.

3.1.6 Each Party should authorize its rescue co-ordination centres:

.1 to request from other rescue co-ordination centres such

assistance, including vessels, aircraft, personnel or equipment, as may

be needed;

.2 to grant any necessary permission for the entry of such

vessels, aircraft, personnel or equipment into or over its territorial sea

or territory; and

.3 to make the necessary arrangements with the appropriate

customs, immigration or other authorities with a view to expediting such

entry.

3.1.7 Each Party should authorize its rescue co-ordination centres to

provide, when requested, assistance to other rescue co-ordination

centres, including assistance in the form of vessels, aircraft, personnel

or equipment.

3.1.8 Parties should enter into search and rescue agreements with

neighbouring States regarding the pooling of facilities, establishment of

common procedures, conduct of joint training and exercises, regular checks

of inter-State communication channels, liaison visits by rescue

co-ordination centre personnel and the exchange of search and rescue

information.

3.2 CO-ORDINATION WITH AERONAUTICAL SERVICES

3.2.1 Parties shall ensure the closest practicable co-ordination

between maritime and aeronautical services so as to provide for the most

effective and efficient search and rescue services in and over their

search and rescue regions.

3.2.2 Whenever practicable, each Party should establish joint rescue

co-ordination centres and rescue sub-centres to serve both maritime and

aeronautical purposes.

3.2.3 Whenever separate maritime and aeronautical rescue co-ordination

centres or rescue sub-centres are established to serve the same area, the

Party concerned shall ensure the closest practicable co-ordination between

the centres or sub-centres.

3.2.4 Parties shall ensure as far as is possible the use of common

procedures by rescue units established for maritime purposes and those

established for aeronautical purposes.

CHAPTER 4 PREPARATORY MEASURES

4.1 REQUIREMENTS FOR INFORMATION

4.1.1 Each rescue co-ordination centre and rescue sub-centre shall

have available up-to-date information relevant to search and rescue

operations in its area including information regarding:

.1 rescue units and coast watching;

.2 any other public and private resources, including

transportation facilities and fuel supplies, that are likely to be useful

in search and rescue operations;

.3 means of communication that may be used in search rescue

operations;

.4 names, cable and telex addresses, telephone and telex numbers

of shipping agents, consular authorities, international organizations and

other agencies who may be able to assist in obtaining vital information on

vessels;

.5 the locations, call signs or maritime mobile service

identities, hours of watch and frequencies of all radio stations likely to

be employed in search and rescue operations;

.6 the locations, call signs or maritime mobile service

identities, hours of watch and frequencies of all coast radio stations

disseminating meteorological forecasts and warnings for the search and

rescue region;

.7 the locations and hours of watch of services keeping radio

watch and the frequencies guarded;

.8 objects likely to be mistaken for unlocated or unreported

wreckage; and

.9 locations where supplies of droppable emergency survival

equipment are stored.

4.1.2 Each rescue co-ordination centre and rescue sub-centre should

have ready access to information regarding the position, course, speed and

call sign or ship station identity of vessels within its area which may be

able to provide assistance to vessels or persons in distress at sea. This

information shall either be kept in the rescue co-ordination centre or be

readily obtainable when necessary.

4.1.3 A large-scale map shall be provided at each rescue co-ordination

centre and rescue sub-centre for the purpose of displaying and plotting

information relevant to search and rescue operations in its area.

4.2 OPERATING PLANS OR INSTRUCTIONS

4.2.1 Each rescue co-ordination centre and rescue sub-centre shall

prepare or have available detailed plans or instructions for the conduct

of search and rescue operations in its area.

4.2.2 The plans or instructions shall specify arrangements for the

servicing and refuelling, to the extent possible, of vessels, aircraft and

vehicles employed in search and rescue operations, including those made

available by other States.

4.2.3 The plans or instructions should contain details regarding

action to be taken by those engaged in search and rescue operations in the

area, including:

.1 the manner in which search and rescue operations are to be

conducted;

.2 the use of available communications systems and facilities;

.3 the action to be taken jointly with other rescue co-ordination

centres or rescue sub-centres, as appropriate;

.4 the methods of alerting vessels at sea and en route aircraft;

.5 the duties and authority of personnel assigned to search and

rescue operations;

.6 possible redeployment of equipment that may be necessitated by

meteorological or other conditions;

.7 the methods of obtaining essential information relevant to

search and rescue operations, such as appropriate notices to mariners and

reports and forecasts of weather and sea surface conditions;

.8 the methods of obtaining from other rescue co-ordination

centres or rescue sub-centres, as appropriate, such assistance as may be

needed, including vessels, aircraft, personnel and equipment;

.9 the methods of assisting rescue vessels or other vessels to

rendezvous with vessels in distress; and

.10 the methods of assisting distressed aircraft compelled to

ditch to rendezvous with surface craft.

4.3 PREPAREDNESS OF RESCUE UNITS

4.3.1 Each designated rescue unit shall maintain a state of

preparedness commensurate with its task and should keep the appropriate

rescue co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre informed of its state of

preparedness.

CHAPTER 5 OPERATING PROCEDURES

5.1 INFORMATION CONCERNING EMERGENCIES

5.1.1 Parties shall ensure that continuous radio watches as are deemed

practicable and necessary, are maintained on international distress

frequencies. A coast radio station receiving any distress call or message

shall:

.1 immediately inform the appropriate rescue co-ordination centre

or rescue sub-centre;

.2 re-broadcast to the extent necessary to inform ships on one or

more of the international distress frequencies or on any other appropriate

frequency;

.3 precede such re-broadcasts with the appropriate automatic alarm

signals unless this has already been done; and

.4 take such subsequent action as decided by the competent

authority.

5.1.2 Any authority or element of the search and rescue organization

having reason to believe that a vessel is in a state of emergency should

give as soon as possible all available information to the rescue

co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre concerned.

5.1.3 Rescue co-ordination centres and rescue sub-centres shall,

immediately upon receipt of information concerning a vessel in a state of

emergency, evaluate such information and determine the phase of emergency

in accordance with paragraph 5.2 and the extent of operation required.

5.2 EMERGENCY PHASES

5.2.1 For operational purposes, the following emergency phases shall

be distinguished:

.1 "Uncertainty phase":

.1.1 When a vessel has been reported overdue at its

destination; or

.1.2 When a vessel has failed to make an expected position or

safety report.

.2 "Alert phase":

.2.1 When following the uncertainty phase attempts to

establish contact with the vessel have failed and inquiries addressed to

other appropriate sources have been unsuccessful; or

.2.2 When information has been received indicating that the

operating efficiency of a vessel is impaired but not to the extent that a

distress situation is likely.

.3 "Distress phase":

.3.1 When positive information is received that a vessel or a

person is in grave and imminent danger and in need of immediate

assistance; or

.3.2 When following the alert phase further unsuccessful

attempts to establish contact with the vessel and more widespread

unsuccessful inquiries point to the probability that the vessel is in

distress; or

.3.3 When information is received which indicates that the

operating efficiency of a vessel has been impaired to the extent that a

distress situation is likely.

5.3 PROCEDURES FOR RESCUE CO-ORDINATION CENTRES AND RESCUE SUB-CENTRES

DURING EMERGENCY PHASES

5.3.1 Upon the declaration of the uncertainty phase, the rescue

co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre, as appropriate, shall initiate

inquiries in order to determine the safety of the vessel or shall declare

the alert phase.

5.3.2 Upon the declaration of the alert phase, the rescue

co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre, as appropriate, shall extend

the inquiries for the missing vessel. alert appropriate search and rescue

services and initiate such action, as described in paragraph 5.3.3, as is

necessary in the light of the circumstances of the particular case.

5.3.3 Upon the declaration of the distress phase, the rescue

co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre, as appropriate, shall:

.1 initiate action in accordance with the arrangements set out in

paragraph 4.2;

.2 where appropriate, estimate the degree of uncertainty of the

vessel's position and determine the extent of any area to be searched.

.3 notify the owner of the vessel or his agent if possible and

keep him informed of developments;

.4 notify other rescue co-ordination centres or rescue

sub-centres, the help of which seems likely to be required or which may be

concerned in the operation;

.5 request at an early stage any help which might be available

from aircraft, vessels or services not specifically included in the search

and rescue organization, considering that, in the majority of distress

situations in ocean areas, other vessels in the vicinity are important

elements for search and rescue operations;

.6 draw up a broad plan for the conduct of the operations from the

information available and communicate such plan to the authorities

designated in accordance with paragraphs 5.7 and 5.8 for their guidance;

.7 amend as necessary in the light of circumstances the guidance

already given in paragraph 5.3.3.6;

.8 notify the consular or diplomatic authorities concerned or, it

the incident involves a refugee or displaced person, the office of the

competent international organization;

.9 notify accident investigation authorities as appropriate; and

.10 notify any aircraft, vessel or other services mentioned in

paragraph 5.3.3.5 in consultation with the authorities designated in

accordance with paragraph 5.7 or 5.8 as appropriate, when their assistance

is no longer required.

5.3.4 Initiation of search and rescue operations in respect of a

vessel whose position is unknown.

5.3.4.1 In the event of an emergency phase being declared in respect

of a vessel whose position is unknown, the following shall apply:

.1 when a rescue co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre is

notified of the existence of an emergency phase and is unaware of other

centres taking appropriate action, it shall assume responsibility for

initiating suitable action and confer with neighbouring centres with the

objective of designating one centre to assume responsibility forthwith;

.2 unless otherwise decided by agreement between the centres

concerned, the centre to be designated shall be the centre responsible for

the area in which the vessel was according to its last reported position;

and

.3 after the declaration of the distress phase, the centre

co-ordinating the search and rescue operations shall, if necessary, inform

other appropriate centres of all the circumstances of the state of

emergency and of all subsequent developments.

5.3.5 Passing information to vessels in respect of which an emergency

phase has been declared.

5.3.5.1 Whenever applicable, the rescue co-ordination centre or rescue

sub-centre responsible for search and rescue operations shall be

responsible for passing to the vessel for which an emergency phase has

been declared, information on the search and rescue operation it has

initiated.

5.4 CO-ORDINATION WHEN TWO OR MORE PARTIES ARE INVOLVED

5.4.1 Where the conduct of operations over the entire search and

rescue region is the responsibility of more than one Party, each Party

shall take appropriate action in accordance with the operating plans or

instructions referred to in paragraph 4.2 when so requested by the rescue

co-ordination centre of the region.

5.5 TERMINATION AND SUSPENSION OF SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS

5.5.1 Uncertainty phase and alert phase

5.5.1.1 When during an uncertainty phase or an alert phase a rescue

co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre, as appropriate, is informed

that the emergency no longer exists, it shall so inform any authority,

unit or service which has been activated of notified.

5.5.2 Distress phase

5.5.2.1 When during a distress phase a rescue co-ordination centre or

rescue sub-centre, as appropriate, is informed by the vessel in distress

or other appropriate sources that the emergency no longer exists, it shall

take the necessary action to terminate the search and rescue operations

and to inform any authority, unit or service which has been activated or

notified.

5.5.2.2 If during a distress phase it has been determined that the

search should be discontinued the rescue co-ordination centre or rescue

sub-centre, as appropriate, shall suspend the search and rescue operations

and so inform any authority, unit or service which has been activated or

notified. Informations subsequently received shall be evaluated and search

and rescue operations resumed when justified on the basis of such

information.

5.5.2.3 If during a distress phase it has been determined that further

search would be of no avail, the rescue co-ordination centre or rescue

sub-centre, as appropriate, shall terminate the search and rescue

operations and so inform any authority, unit or service which has been

activated or notified.

5.6 ON-SCENE CO-ORDINATION OF SEARCH AND RESCUE ACTIVITIES

5.6.1 The activities of units engaged in search and rescue operations,

whether they be rescue units or other assisting units, shall be

co-ordinated to ensure the most effective results.

5.7 DESIGNATION OF ON-SCENE COMMANDER AND HIS RESPONSIBILITIES

5.7.1 When rescue units are about to engage in search and rescue

operations, one of them should be designated on-scene commander as early

as practicable and preferable before arrival within the specified search

area.

5.7.2 The appropriate rescue co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre

should designate an on-scene commander. If this is not practicable, the

units involved should designate by mutual agreement an on-scene commander.

5.7.3 Until such time as an on-scene commander has been designated,

the first rescue unit arriving at the scene of action should automatically

assume the duties and responsibilities of an on-scene commander.

5.7.4 An on-scene commander shall be responsible for the following

tasks when these have not been performed by the responsible rescue

co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre, as appropriate:

.1 determining the probable position of the object of the search,

the probable margin of error in this position, and the search area;

.2 making arrangements for the separation for safety purposes of

units engaged in the search;

.3 designating appropriate search patterns for the units

participating in the search and assigning search areas to units or groups

of units;

.4 designating appropriate units to effect rescue when the object

of the search is located; and

.5 co-ordinating on-scene search and rescue communications.

5.7.5 An on-scene commander shall also be responsible for the

following:

.1 making periodic reports to the rescue co-ordination centre or

rescue sub-centre which is co-ordinating the search and rescue operations;

and

.2 reporting the number and the names of survivors to the rescue

co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre which is co-ordinating the

search and rescue operations, providing the centre with the names and

destinations of units with survivors aboard, reporting which survivors are

in each unit and requesting additional assistance from the centre when

necessary, for example, medical evacuation of seriously injured survivors.

5.8 DESIGNATION OF CO-ORDINATOR SURFACE SEARCH AND HIS

RESPONSIBILITIES

5.8.1 If rescue units (including warships) are not available to assume

the duties of an on-scene commander but a number of merchant vessels or

other vessels are participating in the search and rescue operations, one

of them should be designated by mutual agreement as co-ordinator surface

search.

5.8.2 The co-ordinator surface search should be designated as early as

practicable and preferably before arrival within the specified search

area.

5.8.3 The co-ordinator surface search should be responsible for as

many of the tasks listed in paragraphs 5.7.4 and 5.7.5 as the vessel is

capable of performing.

5.9 INITIAL ACTION

5.9.1 Any unit receiving information of a distress incident shall take

whatever immediate action to assist as is within its capability or shall

alert other units which might be able to assist and shall notify the

rescue co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre in whose area the

incident has occurred.

5.10 SEARCH AREAS

5.10.1 Search areas determined in accordance with paragraph 5.3.3.2,

5.7.4.1 or 5.8.3 may be altered as appropriate by the on-scene commander

or the co-ordinator surface search, who should notify the rescue

co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre his action and his reasons for

doing so.

5.11 SEARCH PATTERNS

5.11.1 Search patterns designated in accordance with paragraph

5.3.3.6, 5.7.4.3 or 5.8. 3 may be changed to other patterns if considered

necessary by the on-scene commander or the co-ordinator surface search,

who should notify the rescue co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre of

his action and his reasons for doing so.

5.12 SEARCH SUCCESSFUL

5.12.1 When the search has been successful the on-scene commander or

the co-ordinator surface search should direct the most suitably equipped

units to conduct the rescue or to provide other necessary assistance.

5.12.2 Where appropriate the units conducting the rescue should notify

the on-scene commander or the co-ordinator surface search of the number

and names of survivors aboard, whether all personnel have been accounted

for and whether additional assistance is required, for example, medical

evacuations, and the destination of the units.

5.12.3 The on-scene commander or the co-ordinator surface search

should immediately notify the rescue co-ordination centre or rescue

sub-centre when the search has been successful.

5.13 SEARCH UNSUCCESSFUL

5.13.1 The search should only be terminated when there is no longer

any reasonable hope of rescuing survivors.

5.13.2 The rescue co-ordination centre or rescue sub-centre

co-ordinating the search and rescue operations should normally be

responsible for terminating the search.

5.13.3 In remote ocean areas not under the responsibility of a rescue

co-ordination centre or where the responsible centre is not in a position

to co-ordinate the search and rescue operations, the on-scene commander

or the co-ordinator surface search may take responsibility for terminating

the search.

CHAPTER 6 SHIP REPORTING SYSTEMS

6.1 GENERAL

6.1.1 Parties should establish a ship reporting system for application

within any search and rescue region for which they are responsible, where

this is considered necessary to facilitate search and rescue operations

and is deemed practicable.

6.1.2 Parties contemplating the institution of a ship reporting system

should take account of the relevant recommendations of the Organization.

6.1.3 The ship reporting system should provide up-to-date information

on the movements of vessels in order, in the event of a distress incident:

.1 to reduce the interval between the loss of contact with a

vessel and the initiation of search and rescue operations in cases where

no distress signal has been received;

.2 to permit rapid determination of vessels which may be called

upon to provide assistance.

.3 to permit delineation of a search area of limited size in case

the position of a vessel in distress is unknown or uncertain; and

.4 to facilitate the provision of urgent medical assistance or

advice to vessels not carrying a doctor.

6.2 OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS

6.2.1 To achieve the objectives set out in paragraph 6.1.3, the ship

reporting system should satisfy the following operational requirements:

.1 provision of information, including sailing plans and position

reports, which would make it possible to predict the future positions of

participating vessels;

.2 maintenance of a shipping plot;

.3 receipt of reports at appropriate intervals from participating

vessels;

.4 simplicity in system design and operation; and

.5 use of an internationally agreed standard ship reporting format

and internationally agreed standard procedures.

6.3 TYPES OF REPORTS

6.3.1 A ship reporting system should incorporate the following

reports:

6.3.1.1 Sailing plan-giving name, call sign or ship station identity,

date and time (in GMT) of departure, details of the vessel's point of

departure, next port of call, intended route, speed and expected date and

time (in GMT) of arrival. Significant changes should be reported as soon

as possible.

6.3.1.2 Position report-giving name, call sign or ship station

identity, date and time (in GMT), position, course and speed.

6.3.1.3 Final report-giving name, call sign or ship station identity,

date and time (in GMT) of arrival at destination or of leaving the area

covered by the system.

6.4 USE OF SYSTEMS

6.4.1 Parties should encourage all vessels to report their positions

when travelling in areas where arrangements have been made to collect

information on positions for search and rescue purposes.

6.4.2 Parties recording information on the position of vessels should

disseminate, so far as practicable, such information to other States when

so requested for search and rescue purposes.

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